Euthymia - Normal Mood in Bipolar Disorder
Doctor Ellen Liebenluft explains that individuals with bipolar disorder can spend some time in a normal mood, which is called euthymia.
People who have bipolar disorder also can spend a good bit of time in normal mood which is called euthymia. So it's not that they are always depressed or always manic. However, if you follow adults in particular who have bipolar disorder over a number of years, what we find is that they spend a great deal of their time depressed actually - not necessarily severely depressed, but mildly to moderately depressed. Certainly depressed enough so that it does impact on their function in a very negative way. Athough people with bipolar disorder can have times where they have normal mood, unfortunately the course of the illness is such that often they are in at least a low level kind of mood problem.
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Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses recent research into childhood bipolar disorder, which is most commonly found in children with a family history of the disorder.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft describes how circadian rhythms, the 24-hour sleep-wake cycle, may be disrupted in bipolar disorder.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft explains that neurotransmitters and neuromodulators in the brain are heavily inter-connected and work together as a system.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft explains that women and men are equally likely to develop bipolar disorder. Women are, however, more likely to develop the disorder after giving birth.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft explains that although individuals with bipolar disorder can have trouble interpreting emotional expressions, this is much more subtle than in autism.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft explains that there is no one gene for bipolar disorder. Instead, what we have what are called genes of small effect.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses the similarities between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, which have some genetic risk factors in common.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses the key features of bipolar disorder. which is characterized by periods of mania/over-activity, and periods of depression.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses possible reasons for the dramatic increase in the rates of diagnosis in childhood bipolar disorder in the past decade.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses some of the biochemicals that have been associated with bipolar disorder, including dopamine, serotonin, and glutamate.