Mania and Depression in Bipolar Disorder
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses the key features of bipolar disorder. which is characterized by periods of mania/over-activity, and periods of depression.
Bipolar disorder is characterized by periods of time or episodes when people are manic and periods of time or episodes when they are depressed. When people are manic they tend to be extremely happy, over the top unusually happy, or they can also be very irritable. At the same time that they have this change in mood they also have a change in their activity level and their thinking. So, for example their thoughts race and go very fast, they talk very rapidly, they need much more sleep than usual. Importantly they tend to do very impulsive things and have bad judgment. So, for example, spending a lot of money they donâ€™t have, perhaps sexual indiscretions, so thatâ€™s what characterizes the manic side of the illness. [On] the depressed side of the illness people feel very, very sad. They may find it difficult to get out of bed, they are not motivated [and] they donâ€™t enjoy anything. They also can have changes in their sleep, either as I mentioned not being able to get out of bed or sometimes the reverse, not being able to sleep. They can also have changes in their appetite, either eating too much or eating too little. They also can become quite suicidal of course when they are depressed and have a great deal of difficulty concentrating.
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Doctor Ellen Leibenluft describes how environmental stressors such as grief and sleep-disturbance can precipitate bipolar disorder.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft describes how circadian rhythms, the 24-hour sleep-wake cycle, may be disrupted in bipolar disorder.
Doctor Ellen Liebenluft explains that individuals with bipolar disorder can spend some time in a normal mood, which is called euthymia.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses two theories on the relationship between postpartum events and bipolar disorder - hormones and a disruption if the sleep-wake cycle.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft explains that women and men are equally likely to develop bipolar disorder. Women are, however, more likely to develop the disorder after giving birth.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses the difference between a tantrum from a manic episode.
A review of the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatments of bipolar disorder.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses recent research into childhood bipolar disorder, which is most commonly found in children with a family history of the disorder.
Kay Jamison discusses the highs and lows of manic depression (bipolar disorder), the link between mania and creativity, and the heritability of the disorder.
Kay Jamison explains that bipolar illness is characterized by extreme changes in mood, activity, and sleep, and elevated irritability.