Postpartum Episodes and Bipolar Disorder
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses two theories on the relationship between postpartum events and bipolar disorder - hormones and a disruption if the sleep-wake cycle.
We donâ€™t know exactly what causes this very high risk for a postpartum episode in women with bipolar disorder. One question is whether it has to do with the very dramatic shifts in hormone levels that happen after a woman has a baby. But another issue to remember is that the sleep-wake cycle is very important in bipolar disorder. Itâ€™s been known for a very long time that if you sleep-deprive someone, if you make it difficult for them to get their usual amount of sleep, that can precipitate a manic episode. Of course we know that when women have just had a baby that itâ€™s incredibly difficult to keep your sleep-wake cycle normalized. So, that also may contribute to it. In fact, there was a study of men who have bipolar disorder who become fathers, and the researchers also found there that the men who had just become fathers also had destabilization of their mood. It might be that itâ€™s the sleep-wake cycle thatâ€™s an important part of this too.
bipolar, disorder, postpartum, birth, childbirth, mother, father, mania, hormone, risk, sleep, wake cycle, ellen, leibenluft
- ID: 2347
- Source: DNALC.G2C
2346. No Gender Differences in Bipolar Disorder
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft explains that women and men are equally likely to develop bipolar disorder. Women are, however, more likely to develop the disorder after giving birth.
2348. Circadian Rhythms and Bipolar Disorder
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft describes how circadian rhythms, the 24-hour sleep-wake cycle, may be disrupted in bipolar disorder.
2349. Environmental Influences in Bipolar Disorder
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft describes how environmental stressors such as grief and sleep-disturbance can precipitate bipolar disorder.
2344. Mania and Depression in Bipolar Disorder
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses the key features of bipolar disorder. which is characterized by periods of mania/over-activity, and periods of depression.
2361. Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder - Similar Genetics
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses the similarities between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, which have some genetic risk factors in common.
2351. Childhood Bipolar Disorder - Tantrums or Mania?
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses the difference between a tantrum from a manic episode.
885. Background to Bipolar Disorder
A review of the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatments of bipolar disorder.
890. Background to Depression
Although writers have described episodes of depression since antiquity, only recently have we recognized that the depressive disorders are among the most common and disabling medical conditions throughout the world.
2352. Huge Increase in Bipolar Disorder Rates In Children
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses possible reasons for the dramatic increase in the rates of diagnosis in childhood bipolar disorder in the past decade.
2350. Childhood Bipolar Disorder
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses recent research into childhood bipolar disorder, which is most commonly found in children with a family history of the disorder.