Environmental Influences in Bipolar Disorder
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft describes how environmental stressors such as grief and sleep-disturbance can precipitate bipolar disorder.
There is evidence that depression and mania can both be precipitated by environmental events. In the case of depression, itâ€™s most likely stressors - something upsetting happening, a breakup in an interpersonal relationship for example [or] grief. These kinds of stressors can cause depression in people with bipolar disorder the same way they can cause depression in people who have depression itself, so called unipolar depression. In terms of mania it seems that those stressors that cause mania are in particular those that cause people to lose sleep. Having to get up in the middle of the night to take an elderly relative to the emergency room, becoming very anxious about something and not being able to sleep. It seems that for the manic side that interfering with sleep is particularly important in terms of links between what happens in the environment and what happens with the mood cycle.
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Doctor Ellen Leibenluft describes how circadian rhythms, the 24-hour sleep-wake cycle, may be disrupted in bipolar disorder.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses two theories on the relationship between postpartum events and bipolar disorder - hormones and a disruption if the sleep-wake cycle.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses the key features of bipolar disorder. which is characterized by periods of mania/over-activity, and periods of depression.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft explains that women and men are equally likely to develop bipolar disorder. Women are, however, more likely to develop the disorder after giving birth.
Doctor Ellen Liebenluft explains that individuals with bipolar disorder can spend some time in a normal mood, which is called euthymia.
Doctor Jon Lieberman compares some of the subtypes of depression, which include major depressive disorder, dysthymia, and bipolar disorder.
A review of the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatments of bipolar disorder.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses the similarities between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, which have some genetic risk factors in common.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses the difference between a tantrum from a manic episode.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses possible reasons for the dramatic increase in the rates of diagnosis in childhood bipolar disorder in the past decade.