Bipolar Disorder, Autism and Facial Expressions
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft explains that although individuals with bipolar disorder can have trouble interpreting emotional expressions, this is much more subtle than in autism.
Both children with autism and children with bipolar disorder have difficulty labeling face emotion. It's important to emphasize that the kind of difficulty that the children with bipolar disorder have is much, much more subtle than the problem that the children with autism have. We donâ€™t yet know whether there is any association between autism and bipolar disorder. Thus far there isnâ€™t a very clear one, and it's important to recognize that two groups like this, autism and bipolar disorder, could both have the same problem but it could be coming from different brain regions and mediated by different genes and different brain dysfunction. But the most important thing to say is that the kind of problem that the children with bipolar disorder have is much, much more subtle than the kind of problem that children with autism have.
autism, brain, face, expression, emotion, emotional, recognition., brain , bipolar, disorder, genes, ellen, leibenluft
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft explains that neurotransmitters and neuromodulators in the brain are heavily inter-connected and work together as a system.
Doctor Ellen Lebienluft explains how brain imaging data is being combined with genetic research to understand how bipolar disorder affects brain function.
Autism is not associated with any single deficit in the brain.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses brain regions associated with bipolar disorder, including the amygdala (which may be smaller) and prefrontal cortex (which may have different activity).
Brain scans of close relatives of children with autism reveal clear abnormalities that parallel those seen in autism.
The temporal lobes contain a large number of substructures, whose functions include perception, face recognition, object recognition, memory, language, and emotion.
An overview of autism-related content on Genes to Cognition Online.
Neuroimaging studies of autism highlight a dysfunctional mirror neuron system, particularly in an area called the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses some of the biochemicals that have been associated with bipolar disorder, including dopamine, serotonin, and glutamate.
Abnormal activity in specific brain regions has been associated with autism spectrum disorders.