An image relating transcription and translation.
Translation: RNA to protein, 3D animation with no audio
Professor James Eberwine describes three ways in which experiences can change the gene-expression: changing RNA translation, movement, and potentially production.
Promoters are DNA sequences located in the 5' region adjacent to the transcriptional start site.
Professor James Eberwine describes the primary functions of RNA-binding proteins, which include regulating tRNAs, degrading RNAs, synthesizing RNAs, and regulating multigenic gene expression.
The diagram represents a single strand of DNA containing a gene, in purple. Remember this gene is "read" in the 5' to 3' direction to produce an mRNA.
Professor Kenneth Kosik discusses some of the key issues relating to local changes at the synapse that mediate learning. RNA is particularly important in this regard.
The Central Dogma is the flow of genetic information from DNA, to RNA, to protein.
James Watson talks about the Central Dogma: transcription and translation.