Biography 25: Howard Martin Temin (1934-1994 )
Howard Temin was born in Philadelphia. His father was an attorney and his mother was involved in educational civic affairs. Temin was interested in biology and during high school, he was accepted into the summer research program at Jackson Memorial Laboratory in Bar Harbor, Maine. Temin spent four summers there learning about the world of biological research.
After high school, Temin went to Swarthmore College and majored in biology. In 1955, he went to graduate school at the California Institute of Technology. Although he started in biology, he became more interested in animal virology. His doctorate thesis was on work done on Rous sarcoma virus in Renato Dulbecco's laboratory. After his Ph.D. in 1959, he stayed in Dulbecco's lab for another year as a postdoctoral fellow. During this time, he developed his provirus theory, which hypothesized that RSV and other RNA viruses entered the cell and then made DNA copies of themselves before integrating into the host genome.
In 1960, he was offered an assistant professorship at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. During the next four years in his basement laboratory, Temin performed the experiments that proved his provirus theory. He published his results in 1964 and in 1975 shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with David Baltimore and Renato Dulbecco for their discoveries concerning the interaction between tumor viruses and the genetic material of the cell.
Temin stayed at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and eventually became a full professor. In 1974 he also became an American Cancer Society Professor of Viral Oncology and Cell Biology. He was also on the editorial boards of several journals: Journal of Virology, Journal of Cellular Physiology, and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Temin was a well-recognized figure around the University of Wisconsin-Madison campus. He walked or biked to and from work everyday along the same path following the lakeshore. In 1998, the University dedicated the Howard Temin Lakeshore Path in his honor.
Although Temin did not smoke, he died in 1994 from lung cancer.
Howard Temin, David Baltimore and Renato Dulbecco shared the 1975 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discoveries concerning the interaction between tumor viruses and the genetic material of the cell.
animal virology, rna viruses, tumor viruses, viral oncology, host genome, dna copies, sarcoma virus
- ID: 16568
- Source: DNALC.DNAFTB
16552. Animation 25: Some viruses store genetic information in RNA.
David Baltimore and Howard Temin explain work on the Rous sarcoma virus.
16567. Biography 25: David Baltimore (1938- )
David Baltimore, Howard Temin and Renato Dulbecco shared the 1975 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discoveries concerning the interaction between tumor viruses and the genetic material of the cell.
16834. Animation 40: Living things share common genes.
Mike Wigler shows how all organisms share similar genes, called homologs.
15158. Bridging evolutionary barriers, Robert Pollack
Renowned biologist and philosopher Robert Pollack reflects on his concern over the potential danger of Janet Mertz's experiment inserting a cancer-causing gene from a monkey virus into a bacterium that lives in humans.
1000. Causes, Viruses: HPV, Steinberg
Professor Steinberg explains that HPVs are a family of related viruses, and they're small DNA tumor viruses that can cause tumors in either their natural host or another organism.
16569. Problem 25: Some viruses store genetic information in RNA.
Explore the reverse transcriptase mechanism.
16561. Gallery 25: Infection of H-9 cells with the MN strain of HIV-1 virus, electromicrograph 4
Mature virus particles released from host cell.
999. Causes, Viruses: HPV
In this section learn how viruses contribute to cancer development.
16085. HIV/SIV Genome Maps
Contains an image depicting the genome maps of HIV-1 HXB2, HIV-2 BEN, and SIV Sykes.
15286. Viral RNA can reprogram the ribosomes, Sydney Brenner
In this second of a two-part clip, Sydney Brenner describes the experiment they did to prove the existence and function of RNA.