Harry Laughlin and Charles Davenport, ca. 1913
In 1910, Davenport obtained funds from Mrs. E.H. Harriman to found a Eugenics Record Office (ERO) at Cold Spring Harbor. Davenport recruited as superintendent Harry Laughlin, a Missouri school superintendent with whom he shared an interest in chicken breeding. The ERO became the epicenter of American eugenics - conducting family studies, publishing "how to" books and journals, training case workers, and amassing hundreds of thousands of pedigrees and articles. (DNAi location: Chronicle > Threat of the Unfit > Founders)
cold spring harbor,charles davenport,davenport ca,american eugenics,school superintendent,case workers,dnai,missouri school,laughlin,harriman,epicenter,pedigrees,hundreds of thousands,founders,journals
- ID: 15785
- Source: DNALC.DNAi
Harry Laughlin and Charles Davenport outside the Eugenics Record Office, about 1913.
The Eugenics Record Office in Cold Spring Harbor was established by Charles Davenport.
Charles Davenport letter to Mrs. E.H. Harriman about Eugenics Record Office (9/11/1910)
Under Harry Laughlin's direction, the ERO became the epicenter of the American eugenics movement, amassing hundreds of thousands of family pedigrees, case studies, and indexed records. The ERO sponsored summer courses to train aspiring eugenics caseworker
Davenport was a prolific writer, publishing an estimated 450 articles -- many devoted to eugenics.
H. Laughlin's first letter to C. Davenport, about breeding chickens
James Watson talks about Charles Davenport's motivation for eugenics.
Davenport published the classical description of the inheritance of eye color in 1907 and also did creditable studies of the genetics of albinism and neurofibromatosis.
Chicken coops on the grounds of the Station for Experimental Evolution (currently Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory), reflecting the interests of director Charles Davenport, 1908.
12001. Charles Davenport letter to Francis Galton, about opening the Eugenics Record Office and the debt to him as founder of eugenics (10/26/1910)
Charles Davenport letter to Francis Galton, about opening the Eugenics Record Office and the debt to him as founder of eugenics (10/26/1910)