Doctor Thomas Nuhse explains that kinases are enzymes that are specialized for attaching a phosphate group to another protein.
A kinase is again one subgroup of enzymes. Kinases are enzymes that are specialized in attaching a phosphate group to another protein very basically. Some kinases also add a phosphate to a lipid, but mostly kinases add a phosphate group to another protein typically to transfer a signal, and then they make that other protein do something it didnâ€™t do before - activate it, or make it work together with proteins that it didnâ€™t work together with before, maybe make it less stable, change its lifetime, or also make it go to a different place in the cell. Basically kinases are the proteins that attach phosphate to other proteins.
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- ID: 1300
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1301. Protein-protein Interactions
Doctor Thomas Nuhse describes the process by which proteins interact and work together to produce an outcome.
Doctor Thomas Nuhse explains that enzymes are proteins in a cell that perform the cell's chemistry.
Doctor Thomas Nuhse explains that phosphorylation is the process by which a phosphate is added to a protein to produce a change in that protein.
Doctor Thomas Nuhse explains that proteins are the molecules in cells that perform the key functions of the cell. They are the building bricks of the cell.
1021. Pathways, To the nucleus
In this section learn that many signaling pathways ultimately pass messages to the nucleus of a cell.
Professor Tom O'Dell defines phosphorylation - the addition of a phosphate group to a protein molecule to regulate gene function.
1303. Mass Spectrometry
Doctor Thomas Nuhse explains that mass spectrometry is a technique for measuring the mass of molecules, which therefore allows researchers to identify molecules.
1277. Molecules for Memory
Communication in brain cells is guided by interactions between genes and biochemicals at the synapse. These interactions can lead to the formation of new synapses.
550. The Neural Code
Cognitive information is encoded in patterns of nervous activity and decoded by molecular listening devices at the synapse. Professor Seth Grant explains how different patterns of neural firing are critical to cognition.
1022. Pathways, Inside the nucleus
In this section learn that an activated protein is transported into the nucleus through a pore in the nuclear membrane.