Prefrontal Cortex - Executive Functions
Professor Trevor Robbins explains that the prefrontal cortex is involved in executive functions such as planning and decision-making.
Some people would say the major functions are executive. Executive processes are that set of control processes that serve to optimize performance in complex cognitive tasks with many components. That is not all the frontal cortex does. Executive processes are also done by other structures, but the prefrontal cortex is central to that group of functions.
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The prefrontal cortex is thought to play an important role in 'higher' brain functions. It is a critical part of the executive system, which refers to planning, reasoning, and judgment.
An overview of thinking-related content on Genes to Cognition Online.
An overview of attention-related content on Genes to Cognition Online.
Professor Philip Shaw outlines the main functions of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which include planning, attention, and working memory.
Professor Daniel Weinberger explains that the frontal lobes, which are involved in planning and reasoning, may be disrupted in schizophrenia.
The frontal lobe is part of the cerebral cortex and is the largest of the brain's structures. It is the main site of so–called 'higher' cognitive functions.
Professor Trevor Robbins explains that the dopamine system is a group of cells originating in the midbrain whose function may be to prepare the brain to think, move, and anticipate rewards.
The premotor cortex is involved in preparing and executing limb movements and coordinates with other regions to select appropriate movements.
The idea that drug addiction is a result of 'learning gone wild' was bolstered by several reports.
Brain scans of close relatives of children with autism reveal clear abnormalities that parallel those seen in autism.