Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex
Professor Philip Shaw outlines the main functions of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which include planning, attention, and working memory.
The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is a highly evolved part of the brain in humans, which matures very late. This is in keeping with its functions. It seems to integrate information from lots of other areas of the brain, so it seems to be like a high level control center for very complex activities, such as attention and working memory, and very complex functions, such as planning activities, so itâ€™s very high level structure.
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An overview of attention-related content on Genes to Cognition Online.
The prefrontal cortex is thought to play an important role in 'higher' brain functions. It is a critical part of the executive system, which refers to planning, reasoning, and judgment.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft discusses brain regions associated with bipolar disorder, including the amygdala (which may be smaller) and prefrontal cortex (which may have different activity).
Professor Philip Shaw describes a study in which the brains of children with ADHD tend to mature at a slower rate than a control group.
Professor Philip Shaw discusses research that indicates a pattern of right-hemisphere dominance for attention in the mature brain.
Professor Philip Shaw links an association between ADHD and dopamine receptors, which may relate to brain development.
Professor Trevor Robbins explains that the prefrontal cortex is involved in executive functions such as planning and decision-making.
Professor Bruce McEwen describes how the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex mediate the parasympathetic system, which is associated with risk-taking.
Professor Philip Shaw discusses three brain areas in relation to the neuropathology of ADHD: the frontal cortex, amygdala, and hippocampus.