Growth Cones (2)

Professor David Van Vactor discusses how growth cones read molecular 'signposts,' which help axons find the correct path.

So, the growth cone expresses on its surface a variety of receptors that allow the growth cone to recognize both attractive and repellent cues - stop signs and green lights in the embryonic environment. And these guideposts are there to give the growth cone signals that will define its path. But in order to find the correct path, the growth cone has to respond correctly to those signals and translate the stop and the go signal into forward movement or avoidance.

growth, cones, axon, guidance, signpost, neurodevelopment, receptor, signal, signaling, van vactor

Related Content

1064. Neurodevelopment - Axon Guidance

Professor David Van Vactor describes how axons grow during neurodevelopment.

  • ID: 1066
  • Type:
  • Source: G2C

1065. Growth Cones (1)

Professor David Van Vactor explains how growth cones guide axons during neurodevelopment.

  • ID: 1066
  • Type:
  • Source: G2C

1067. Growth Cones (3)

Professor David Van Vactor discusses what happens during neurodevelopment when an axon reaches its final destination.

  • ID: 1066
  • Type:
  • Source: G2C

1069. Receptor Molecules

Professor David Van Vactor describes the role of receptor molecules, which receive signals from outside the cell, passing the signal to the inside.

  • ID: 1066
  • Type:
  • Source: G2C

1018. Pathways, At the cell surface

In this section learn that a signaling pathway begins with the arrival of a chemical signal – such as a hormone or growth factor – at the cell surface.

  • ID: 1066
  • Type:
  • Source: IC

16724. Concept 35: DNA responds to signals from outside the cell.

Signal transduction is cell communication that involves a series of molecular transformations.

  • ID: 1066
  • Type:
  • Source: DNAFTB

1019. Pathways, Beneath the membrane

In this section learn that the binding of growth factors outside the cell causes receptors ends to intertwine and activate each other, and once active, the modified receptor ends interact with messenger proteins.

  • ID: 1066
  • Type:
  • Source: IC

959. Causes, Smoking: K-ras

This section explains how the protein produced by the K-ras gene is a tumor “activator.”

  • ID: 1066
  • Type:
  • Source: IC

1062. What are Model Systems? (1)

Professor David Van Vactor provides a simple explanation for why researchers work with model systems (model organisms).

  • ID: 1066
  • Type:
  • Source: G2C

1020. Pathways, A bevy of interactions

In this section learn that receptors activate each other before binding an adaptor molecule and an exchange factor.

  • ID: 1066
  • Type:
  • Source: IC