Stigma Caused by a Lack of Information
Doctor Daniel Pine suggests that stigma often tends to develop in areas where our knowledge is lacking. Research advances should, therefore, reduce stigma.
Well, there has been a long history of stigma around mental disorders and one of the reasons that I enjoy the opportunities to talk to people such as yourself is that it gives us the opportunity to try to do something about stigma because I think that is clearly one of the biggest hurdles both to research advances on the one hand, but also for people getting help with problems that they confront in their daily life. We know a fair amount about stigma in a lot of different areas and stigma often tends to develop in areas where our knowledge is not that great. So, I think without question, that has been a factor in terms of mental illnesses. The fact that we have known so little in some ways makes it easier for stigma to develop. Conversely, I think one of the really important things about developing our understanding about mental illnesses and really coming to view mental illnesses as brain disorders is that as that information becomes better known, the hope is that stigma is going to go down and that is going to both facilitate research advances, but it is also going to make it easier for people when they recognize that they have a problem to come forth and get the treatment that they need.
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Doctor Daniel Pine estimates that approximately 30-50% of the risk for anxiety and depression is genetic. Genetic treatments are an exciting area of research currently.
Doctor Daniel Pine discusses the different approaches to understanding disorders and explains that we have a long way to go to understand them on the cellular level.
Doctor Daniel Pine explains that hormones are a contributing factor to the development of anxiety and depression. They interact with a number of other factors to cause to these disorders.
Doctor Daniel Pine introduces the diathesis-stress model for anxiety and depression. The model posits that stress combines with inherited factors to produce disorder.
Doctor Daniel Pine explains that it can be normal and healthy to feel anxiety. Anxiety disorders, however, interfere with people’s ability to function normally.
Doctor Daniel Pine makes the important point that the idea of a 'chemical imbalance' as a cause of disorders has pretty much rightfully been given up.
Doctor Daniel Pine explains that the amygdala is involved in learning to respond to a fearful experience fear-learning. There is evidence that the same response can lead to PTSD.
Doctor Daniel Pine explains that the environment is particularly important to determining how we understand, treat, and respond to anxiety.
Professor David Porteous notes that there is an unnecessary stigma surrounding psychiatric disorders, which impedes our understanding.
Kay Jamison discusses that although there is a stigma associated with psychiatric disorders, people's attitudes have begun to change for the better.