Diathesis-Stress Model and Anxiety
Doctor Daniel Pine introduces the diathesis-stress model for anxiety and depression. The model posits that stress combines with inherited factors to produce disorder.
That is exactly right. What people talk about when they talk about a diathesis-stress model, what they mean is that there are multiple different things that go into getting a problem with emotions. There are some things that are kind of stable â€“ that they are always there. If you are not born with them you develop them very, very early, and there are other things that tend to reflect what is going on in a kid in their environment. So that is what we mean by stress - something happens in the environment that is difficult to cope with. Some people respond by adapting to it and they are fine; other people respond by having a problem. The idea is that you need both the stress â€“ the acute thing happening in your world, but then you also need the diathesis â€“ that part of you that is stable and that puts you at risk.
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Doctor Daniel Pine estimates that approximately 30-50% of the risk for anxiety and depression is genetic. Genetic treatments are an exciting area of research currently.
Doctor Daniel Pine explains that hormones are a contributing factor to the development of anxiety and depression. They interact with a number of other factors to cause to these disorders.
Doctor Daniel Pine explains that the environment is particularly important to determining how we understand, treat, and respond to anxiety.
Professor James Potash describes how the diathesis-stress model can be used to understand interactions between genes and the environment. He refers specifically to bipolar disorder.
Doctor Daniel Pine discusses explains that anxiety is more common in girls and women. Depression is also more common in women, but only after puberty. Anxiety may predict depression.
Doctor Daniel Pine explains that it can be normal and healthy to feel anxiety. Anxiety disorders, however, interfere with people’s ability to function normally.
An overview of bipolar disorder-related content on Genes to Cognition Online.
Doctor Daniel Pine introduces the fight-or-flight response, which is a common mechanism in mammals in response to a threat. It prepares the body to either run away or fight the threat.
Doctor Daniel Pine defines anxiety as fear and apprehension about dangers that are not immediately present. Over time, anxiety can lead to depression.
The amygdala controls autonomic responses associated with fear, arousal, and emotional stimulation and has been linked to anxiety disorder and social phobias.