Anxiety and Depression - Sex DIfferences
Doctor Daniel Pine discusses explains that anxiety is more common in girls and women. Depression is also more common in women, but only after puberty. Anxiety may predict depression.
There is a very important relationship between sex and many different kinds of emotional problems. There is a higher rate of depression in women than in men and we really only see that difference after puberty. Before puberty depression is pretty rare, but when it happens it tends to happen equally likely in boys and girls. Anxiety is in some ways similar to depression, but in other ways it is different. The way that it is similar is that we do see higher rates of anxiety in girls than in boys. It is different from depression because we see that increase in girls even before puberty. So, from really very early on in the early school age years, anxiety tends to be more common in little girls than in little boys â€“ that is not true of depression. By the time boys and girls become adolescents and go to high school or college, both anxiety and depression are more common in girls, and those findings have led some people to think â€“ well, maybe anxiety comes before depression and maybe one of the best ways to understand who is at most risk to become depressed is to understand how people become anxious.
anxiety, depression, gender, sex, difference, boys, girls, men, women, puberty, adolescence, adolescent, daniel, danny
Doctor Daniel Pine explains that hormones are a contributing factor to the development of anxiety and depression. They interact with a number of other factors to cause to these disorders.
Professor David Skuse discusses whether what happens to the brain during adolescence is analogous to what happens in brain-injury autism.
Doctor Ellen Leibenluft explains that women and men are equally likely to develop bipolar disorder. Women are, however, more likely to develop the disorder after giving birth.
Doctor Daniel Pine defines anxiety as fear and apprehension about dangers that are not immediately present. Over time, anxiety can lead to depression.
Professor Wayne Drevets explains that depression most commonly arises after puberty. There are exceptions, where it arises in childhood or in relatively late adulthood.
Doctor Daniel Pine introduces the diathesis-stress model for anxiety and depression. The model posits that stress combines with inherited factors to produce disorder.
Professor James Watson explains that although schizophrenia is rarely diagnosed before adolescence, abnormalities may exist from an early age.
Doctor Daniel Pine estimates that approximately 30-50% of the risk for anxiety and depression is genetic. Genetic treatments are an exciting area of research currently.
Professor Bruce McEwen discusses differences between the sexes in coping with stress. These are mediated by hormonal, neural, and genetic factors.
Doctor Daniel Pine explains that it can be normal and healthy to feel anxiety. Anxiety disorders, however, interfere with people’s ability to function normally.