Walter Gilbert (1986)
image of Walter Gilbert. Already a well-known and respected scientist, Gilbert co-founded a biotech company, Biogen, in the late 1970s. Today, Biogen is one of the largest biotech companies in the world.
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- ID: 15651
- Source: DNALC.DNAi
Genentech, the first biotechnology company, established in 1976.
Phil Sharp and Richard Roberts shared the 1993 Nobel Prize for the discovery of the split gene theory.
Image of Herbert Boyer. From lineman on the varsity football team to co-founder of the first biotech company, Boyer has never lacked imagination, drive, or vision. His and Stanley Cohen's recombinant DNA work paved the way for the biotech revolution.
Bob Horvitz and Mike Hengartner used C. elegans to work out the mechanism of programmed cell death.
Child prodigy and yet another physics convert, Gilbert was a Harvard physics professor who found himself spending more and more time in biology laboratories. His switch to biology helped foster a new generation of scientists.
In the late 1970s, there was a moratorium on recombinant DNA work. Gilbert had to go to England's Porton Down facility to try and isolate human insulin.
Walter Gilbert's group tried to isolate the human insulin DNA sequence using the rat insulin DNA sequence.
In 1980, Genentech became the first publicly traded biotech company. David Goeddel talks about his investment.
How Jacob and Monod showed the existence of the inhibitor (what Gilbert calls the repressor).
Jacob and Monod never identified the inhibitor, but Gilbert found it.