Carrie and Emma Buck the day before the trial, Paul Lombardo
Interviewee: Paul Lombardo. Lombardo discusses Carrie and Emma Buck's state of mind prior to the Buck vs. Bell trial.
Since Carrie's baby had been taken away from her only a few months earlier, she was likely depressed. Her mother, we know little about Emma, but Emma was also probably concerned, considering the lawyers, the doctors, and everyone else was paying so much attention to this day and her daughter.
Carrie and Emma Buck on the day before the Buck vs. Bell trial in 1924.
Paul Lombardo talks about Emma and Carrie Buck lived long lives and it is doubtful that either was mentally ill.
Paul Lombardo talks about the only photograph of Carrie Buck with her mother Emma, taken the day before she would stand trial before the collective onslaught of the American eugenics movement.
Paul Lombardo talks about Arthur Estabrook, a psychologist for the Eugenics Record office, testified that Carrie, her daughter Vivian, and her mother Emma were all feeblminded.
Lombardo discusses the emotions that Carrie Buck may have been feeling before the Buck vs. Bell trial.
The day before the Virginia case, Arthur Estabrook photographed Carrie and Emma on a bench located at this spot in the Virginia Colony.
Paul Lombardo talks about although Carrie was not feebleminded or morally degenerate, this was the way she was portrayed by the lawyers.
Paul Lombardo talks about although she tried several times, Carrie was never able to bring her mother Emma home from the Virginia Colony.
Emma Buck's gravestone
Paul Lombardo talks about the case conluded that Carrie, Emma, and Vivian represented three generations of imbeciles, which justified Carrie's sterilization.