Carrie and Emma Buck on the day before the Buck vs. Bell trial in 1924.
Paul Lombardo talks about the only photograph of Carrie Buck with her mother Emma, taken the day before she would stand trial before the collective onslaught of the American eugenics movement.
A photo of Carrie and her mother Emma was taken the day before the Virginia trial.
mma and Carrie Buck were committed to the Virginia Colony because they were unmarried mothers and were considered morally delinquent.
Lombardo discusses the emotions that Carrie Buck may have been feeling before the Buck vs. Bell trial.
Paul Lombardo talks about Emma and Carrie Buck lived long lives and it is doubtful that either was mentally ill.
In May 2, 2002, the 75th anniversary of the Supreme Court decision on Buck v. Bell, Virginia Governor Mark Warner publicly apologized for Virginia's past involvement in eugenics.
The day before the Virginia case, Arthur Estabrook photographed Carrie and Emma on a bench located at this spot in the Virginia Colony.
Virginia Sterilization Act. Source: Paul Lombardo, University of Virginia.
Paul Lombardo talks about although she tried several times, Carrie was never able to bring her mother Emma home from the Virginia Colony.