Distinguishing Autism from 'Normal' Behavior (1)
Professor David Skuse explains that symptoms of autism are not precisely distinct from 'normal' behavior.
One of the questions that I think is still unanswered is, in respect of what is autism, is how is autism different from normal development? How is autism different from the way that, say, you and I behave? The answer to that is we donâ€™t actually know. Autism is not a distinct separate condition that is completely different from normal behavior. It is the extreme of certain behaviors that we might see in many typical children or adults that donâ€™t have autism at all. One of the questions that is as yet unanswered is, where is the boundary between what we recognize at typically autistic behavior and normal development, normal behavior? We can only answer that by looking for autistic traits, autistic symptoms, if you will, in a very large number of typical people, letâ€™s say a very large sample of normally developing children.
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Professor David Skuse explains that although it is difficult to calculate the exact proportion of individuals with autism, estimates put the figure at about 0.6 percent.
Professor David Skuse discusses the problems in defining a threshold between normal behavior and autistic behavior.
Professor David Skuse discusses research that highlights the amygdala as a brain structure that may be impaired in autism.
Professor David Skuse explains that it is highly probable that many different genes cause autism, with each gene contributing a small part to the symptomatology.
Professor David Skuse discusses the importance of identifying autism symptoms. Failing to diagnose the disorder can disrupt their social and educational attainments.
Professor David Skuse explains that autism is more common in boys than girls.
Professor David Skuse explains that the language and social difficulties associated with autism correlate more closely than repetitive behavior symptoms.
Professor David Skuse discusses the rise in autism diagnosis, which does not appear to relate to toxins, immunizations, or allergies.
Professor David Skuse describes the key symptoms of autism, which include language impairment, communication difficulties, and rigid/repetitive behaviors.
Autistic individuals often have poor social skills. Here we see an autistic child who does not interact in typical social play.