Mania and hypomania
Professor James Potash likens mania to volume on a stereo. When people are hypomanic, everything is turned up a little, there is more energy. If volume is too high, it becomes painful.
One way that I like to think of depression and mania is that I like to use the metaphor of listening to music on your stereo; if you are listening and you hear something that you like, if the music were to get turned way down you would be sort of disappointed and it wouldnâ€™t sound terribly good at a very low volume. Thatâ€™s a little bit like what depression is â€“ everything is turned down, whereas mania is just the opposite and everything is turned up. And if you turn the volume up a little bit itâ€™s analogous to hypomania, where everything sounds a whole lot better. When people are hypomanic everything is turned up a little, there is more energy, thoughts are going faster, they are happier and they feel good. If the volume gets turned all the way up, often itâ€™s a painful and uncomfortable experience, and in mania the volume of everything gets turned way, way up. Peopleâ€™s minds start going so fast that they can no longer control their thoughts, and itâ€™s very distressing because the thoughts just go flying out in all kinds of directions.
bipolar disorder, mania, hypomania, depression, stereo volume, james, potash
- ID: 1977
- Source: DNALC.G2C
- Download: MPEG 4 Video Theora Video Windows Media Video
1976. Cyclicity in bipolar disorder
Professor James Potash explains that bipolar disorder is episodic: people get ill, then they get well again and then the illness may come back again at a later date.
2223. Bipolar disorder
An overview of bipolar disorder-related content on Genes to Cognition Online.
1989. The neuropathology of depression and bipolar disorder
Professor James Potash discusses studies that show reductions in hippocampal volume in people with depression and abnormalities in cingulate areas in patients with bipolar disorder.
1994. Bipolar disorder: managing medications
Professor James Potash explains that, for many bipolar disorder patients, managing medications can be difficult.
1996. Bipolar disorder and creativity (2)
Professor James Potash discusses evidence from a number of studies that individuals with mood disorders are more likely to be highly creative.
1978. Mania and disinhibition
Professor James Potash explains that people who are manic or hypomanic can be disinhibited - they have little inhibition or impulse control.
885. Background to Bipolar Disorder
A review of the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatments of bipolar disorder.
1985. Living a normal life: bipolar disorder
Professor James Potash explains that most individuals with bipolar disorder lead normal lives and respond well to lithium medication.
1982. The diathesis-stress model and bipolar disorder
Professor James Potash describes how the diathesis-stress model can be used to understand interactions between genes and the environment. He refers specifically to bipolar disorder.
1252. Differences Between Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder (1)
Professor James Watson explains that although bipolar disorder and schizophrenia share some symptoms, they have a different impact on lifestyle.