New York Stories: Exploring Mutant Organisms - The Fly Room
This is the third in a series of mini-documentaries about past or current work of notable scientists based at New York institutions. The vodcasts are produced by New York high school students with the help of the DNALC.
DNA; gene; genetics; New York; high school; evolution, Drosophila, fly, chromosome, map, inheritance, mutation, Morgan, Bridges, Sturtevant, Columbia, Schemerhorn, model, Brooklyn
- ID: 16993
- Source: DNALC
- Download: MP4 Video
Alfred Sturtevant was a student of Thomas Hunt Morgan. Sturtevant provided proof of genetic linkage.
Calvin Bridges was a student of Thomas Hunt Morgan. Bridges advanced the theory of chromosomal non-disjunction, and did a lot of work on chromosomal banding patterns.
Thomas Hunt Morgan was one of the first true geneticists.
Herman Muller induces fruit fly mutations. Seymour Benzer works with virus mutants ans proved only one nucleotide change can cause mutation.
The fruit fly is easy to maintain, has large numbers of offspring, and grows quickly. The fruit fly shares with humans a number of so-called “master,” or homeotic, genes.
Hermann Muller received the 1946 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on mutations induced by X-rays.
New York high school students interview Nobel Laureate, Dr. Martin Chalfie of Columbia University, then perform the experiment with green fluorescent protein (GFP) that he pioneered.
DNAFTB Animation 10:Thomas Hunt Morgan describes his discoveries using fruit flies.
Model organisms share with humans many key biochemical and physiological functions that have been conserved (maintained) by evolution.
Thomas Hunt Morgan in the Fly Room at Columbia (2), 1917.