Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) human family tree
An interactive illustration of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) human family tree, showing the two major mtDNA lineages (African populations and African/non-African populations). In 1987, a Californian research team used mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to construct a human family tree. Their tree had two distinct branches: one contained only African mtDNA types; and the second was a mixture of all population types. The branch with African mtDNA types was closest to the tree root. Using this data, the team traced the lineage of modern humans back to a common ancestor who lived in Africa about 200,000 years ago. (DNAi location: Applications > Human Origins > Gene genealogy > Tracing ancestries > Tracing our maternal lineage)
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- ID: 15610
- Source: DNALC.DNAi
15166. Constructing our family tree, Mark Stoneking
Geneticist Mark Stoneking speaks about the findings of early mitochondrial DNA studies.
15183. Support from Mitochondrial DNA, Douglas Wallace
Mitochondrial DNA research pioneer Douglas Wallace speaks about mitochondrial DNA and theories of human evolution.
15148. African mitochondrial DNA tree, Stephen Oppenheimer
Geneticist Stephen Oppenheimer talks about the mitochondrial DNA and Y chromosome lineages of our ancestors.
15611. mtDNA / Y chromosome pedigree, animated image
A pedigree illustrating maternal inheritance of mtDNA and paternal inheritance of the Y chromosome.
15178. Mitochondrial DNA and the molecular clock, Douglas Wallace
Geneticist Douglas Wallace explains a method of mapping a population's history using the mutations accumulated by its members.
15165. Mitochondrial Eve, Mark Stoneking
Geneticist Mark Stoneking, one of the authors of a controversial 1987 paper on mtDNA, talks about our common female ancestor.
15186. From Africa to Europe and Asia s, Douglas Wallace
Mitochondrial DNA pioneer Douglas Wallace explains the movement of different lineages of humans from Africa into Europe and Asia.
16083. Human origins family tree
Meet the extended family
16088. mtDNA tree all humans; Macaulay
Mitochondrial genome sequences humans populations modern MRCA most recent common ancestor ancestry relationships phylogenetic trees mtDNA Macaulay.
15974. Chimp and human (mtDNA)
In 1967, Allan Wilson and Vince Sarich published their estimate that the human lineage had separated from the great apes five million years ago.