Charles Davenport's promotion of eugenics in America, James Watson
Interviewee: James Watson. During the 1920s, eugenicists set up exhibits at state fairs, where "fitter families" were judged alongside domestic livestock. Here James Watson discusses how eugenicists constructed and used pedigrees to highlight the supposed differences between "fit" and "unfit" families. (DNAi Location: Chronicle > Threat of the Unfit > The fit and unfit >ugenics at State Fairs)
Davenport's interests I think, always were human beings, so he wanted to know how much of human existence could be explained by genes moving through families. And one of their basic ideas for eugenics was better breeding, and so the eugenics world had booths at agricultural fairs, in which you didn't display a prize sheep but you displayed prize families. And now it seems pretty ridiculous when you look at the pictures, you can't really understand why anyone would call these prize people, but they wanted healthy families and here's one of a "Eugenic and Health Exhibit." So the idea was if someone had, particularly mental disease in a family, you didn't want to marry into it. Of course as a result people hid mental disease, you wouldn't want to admit that your aunt was a bit wacky, then you might have difficulty in having your daughter married.
negative eugenics,trophies and medals,genetic deterioration,charles davenport,james watson,domestic livestock,environmental contribution,iq tests,mental hospitals,s promotion,ishmaelites,state fairs,fictitious names,pauperism,dnai,artistic achievement,nams,jukes,interviewee,pedigrees
- ID: 15435
- Source: DNALC.DNAi
15428. Methods used by Davenport and the Eugenics Record Office, James Watson
James Watson talks about methods used by Davenport and the Eugenics Record Office.
15436. Faulty research practices of the eugenists in a pedigree, James Watson
James Watson examines a family pedigree in which many suffer from mental disorders.
15439. How early studies in human genetics related to the eugenics movement, James Watson
James Watson talks about how early studies in human genetics related to the eugenics movement.
15724. Nam family members, photo by Arthur Estabrook,1912
While positive eugenics highlighted the achievements of "fit" families, negative eugenics focused on "unfit" families who were burdened with degenerate traits such as feeblemindedness, alcoholism, pauperism, and criminality.
15800. Fitter Families contestants at Georgia State Fair
Fitter Families contestants at Georgia State Fair, Savannah, 1924. Source: American Philosophical Society.
15440. Eugenics and mental institutions in the early 1900's - James Watson
James Watson talks about eugenics and mental institutions in the early 1900's.
15802. Fitter Families exhibit
Fitter Families exhibit and examination building, Kansas State Free Fair, Topeka, 1920.
15466. The connection between American eugenics and Nazi Germany, James Watson
James Watson talks about the connection between American eugenics and Nazi Germany.
11380. The Nam Family: A Study in Cacogenics (Eugenics Record Office Memoir No. 2), by A.H. Estabrook and C.B. Davenport, introduction and early history (2)
The Nam Family: A Study in Cacogenics (Eugenics Record Office Memoir No. 2), by A.H. Estabrook and C.B. Davenport, introduction and early history (2)