Faulty research practices of the eugenists in a pedigree, James Watson
Interviewee: James Watson. James Watson examines a family pedigree in which many suffer from mental disorders. (DNAi Location: Chronicle >Threat of the Unfit > The fit and unfit > Pedigree of mental illness)
Here's a, a pedigree which gives several generations and it starts out with insanity on one side and there was a sibling to the insane person and it looked like normal on the other side. But you can see that a, among the large number of children there seemed to be fourteen, they were feebleminded, they were alcoholic, insane, and a number of them were what were called insane, one was called psychopathic. Then you go down to the next generation and it's less clear because there's some normals, but one is called alcoholic and by the time you get down to the fourth generation about all they can say is small children, as if this was in some way...So you can see, be the, was very inexact..
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James Watson talks about methods used by Davenport and the Eugenics Record Office.
James Watson talks about Charles Davenport's promotion of eugenics in America.
James Watson talks about how early studies in human genetics related to the eugenics movement.
While positive eugenics highlighted the achievements of "fit" families, negative eugenics focused on "unfit" families who were burdened with degenerate traits such as feeblemindedness, alcoholism, pauperism, and criminality.
Fitter Families contestants at Georgia State Fair, Savannah, 1924. Source: American Philosophical Society.
James Watson how science was misused to support eugenics.
James Watson talks about the eugenics movement and Nazi Germany.
In general, eugenicists were lax in defining the criteria for measuring many of the "traits" they studied, and they were too quick to force their data to fit into simple Mendelian templates.
James Watson talks about The American eugenics movement and bad science
James Watson talks about eugenics and mental institutions in the early 1900's.