Future comparison: chimp and human, Svante Paabo
Interviewee: Svante Paabo. Evolutionary geneticist Svante Paabo talks about the possible outcomes of human and chimp gene comparisons. (DNAi Location: Applications > Human origins > Comparisons > DNA > Future comparison )
Obviously what we and many people are interested in for the next two years is to compare on the more genome scale, all over the genome, the chimpanzee genome to the human genome to find the genes, the perhaps small number of genes that actually differ, such as FOXP2 does, between humans and chimpanzees. To find the genes that have been specifically, under selection in humans, have gotten some new function in human that was advantageous, and maybe determine the train order of them to see which was selected earlier, and later, and then we would really sort of be able to make a sort of schedule for these selective sweeps that was involved in making us human.
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Evolutionary geneticist Svante Paabo speaks about differences between active human and chimp genes in different organs
Geneticist Mary-Claire King talks about the similarities and differences between chimps and humans.
Geneticist Mary-Claire King talks about her discovery that chimps and humans are extremely similar at a molecular level.
Phylogenetic relationships of modern humans, Neandertals, and chimps.
Evolutionary geneticist Svante Paabo speaks about the differences between chimp and humans and a genetic basis for language.
There are only 50 human genes that have no homolog in chimps. Differences between the two species are, therefore, due more to changes in gene regulation.
Comparison of genetic diversity in humans and chimpanzees, using sequences from 811 humans and 332 chimps.
Variation between mtDNA (HVR1) samples from chimp, Neandertal and human.
Matt Ridley talks about chromosome 2, fusion of 2 small chromosomes.
An MRI of a chimpanzee brain. www.emory.edu/LIVING_LINKS