Electrophysiology in Research
Professor Tom O'Dell discusses the importance of electrophysiology to the study of cognition.
Electrophysiology, or physiology, fits in the bigger scheme of trying to understand how genes eventually influence cognition or thought by providing an essential bridge between what the gene and the protein it encodes is, and what the function of that protein is. So it is this functional step, weâ€™re understanding how genes, and the products that they encode, actually influence the behavior of nerve cells in the brain â€“ how they react to signals sent from one cell to another, how they can send information on to other cells â€“ all of that is what physiology aims to understand. How the function of those genes actually determines the function of the nervous system. And, of course, that then is what underlies the function of thought or cognition.
neurophysiology, cognition, behavior, behaviour, gene, protein, neuron
Abnormalities in a specific type of brain cells called mirror neurons have been associated with autism.
Professor Seth Grant explains that the Genes to Cognition research program is investigating the network of proteins that are important to learning.
Networks are the engines that drive our brain, they exist at every level of organization. Genes, proteins, and neurons all form highly integrated complex networks.
Doctor Josh Dubnau explains that some genes are preferentially active in one part of the brain or body, while other genes are particular active in another location.
An overview of thinking-related content on Genes to Cognition Online.
The cerebellum monitors and regulates motor behavior, particularly automatic movements. It contains more neurons than the rest of the brain and is a site of neurogenesis.
Genes to Cognition researchers discover a genetic basis for higher mental functions that provides new insights into autism and learning disability.
Doctor Larry Young discusses how genes, biochemicals, and the brain interact to form complex social behaviors.
Communication in brain cells is guided by interactions between genes and biochemicals at the synapse. These interactions can lead to the formation of new synapses.