Brain regions and Object Identification
Professor Earl Miller explains that the visual cortex, inferior temporal cortex, and prefrontal cortex perform distinct functions in object identification.
Well in identifying objects, one important area seems to be virtually the entire visual cortex, the posterior cortex of your brain is all important. If you lesion primary visual cortex, you're blind. But if you want to ask what brain areas are involved in recognizing objects per se, that really high level process of saying 'this is a dog,' 'that's a cat,' or 'this is a whatever,' it seems to be largely the inferior temporal cortex which is the final stage in this cortical visual pathway that analyzes color, shape, and texture, the kinds of things needed to recognize the objects. Depending on whether it's recognition of an object or a learned category, the prefrontal cortex may be involved.
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Professor Earl Miller describes research that shows objects are recognized using higher brain regions, specifically the prefrontal cortex.
Professor Earl Miller explains that neurons in the prefrontal cortex respond to recognize very specific categories of object such as 'dog' or 'cat'.
The occipital cortex is the primary visual area of the brain. It has different groups of neurons that separately encode color, orientation, and motion information.
A overview of perception-related content on Genes to Cognition Online.
The perirhinal cortex plays an important role in object recognition and in storing information (memories) about objects. It is highly connected to other brain structures.
The temporal lobes contain a large number of substructures, whose functions include perception, face recognition, object recognition, memory, language, and emotion.
The prefrontal cortex is thought to play an important role in 'higher' brain functions. It is a critical part of the executive system, which refers to planning, reasoning, and judgment.
The frontal lobe is part of the cerebral cortex and is the largest of the brain's structures. It is the main site of so–called 'higher' cognitive functions.
The superior temporal gyrus contain is responsible for processing sounds. It includes Wernicke's area, which is the major area involved in the comprehension of language.
Autism is not associated with any single deficit in the brain.