Brain regions and Object Identification

Professor Earl Miller explains that the visual cortex, inferior temporal cortex, and prefrontal cortex perform distinct functions in object identification.

Well in identifying objects, one important area seems to be virtually the entire visual cortex, the posterior cortex of your brain is all important. If you lesion primary visual cortex, you're blind. But if you want to ask what brain areas are involved in recognizing objects per se, that really high level process of saying 'this is a dog,' 'that's a cat,' or 'this is a whatever,' it seems to be largely the inferior temporal cortex which is the final stage in this cortical visual pathway that analyzes color, shape, and texture, the kinds of things needed to recognize the objects. Depending on whether it's recognition of an object or a learned category, the prefrontal cortex may be involved.

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