Oxytocin, Emotion, and Autism
Doctor Larry Young discusses how taking oxytocin may increase trust and affect social abilities in humans. This may be a future treatment for autism.
Building on our work with voles and other work in other animals, people have now started experimenting in humans to see what happens if you alter oxytocin in the human brain. Weâ€™re actually able to do that using an intra-nasal spray so you can sniff it and apparently some of the oxytocin gets into the brain, and now thereâ€™s been numerous studies showing how it affects various personality traits. Just for example, there was a paper published in Nature showing that if you sniff oxytocin you become more trusting; you trust other people more. There are other studies to show that it helps you to read the emotions of other people, so just by looking at their faces you can sort of infer what their emotion is. So I believe that thereâ€™s quite a bit of evidence that it does sort of enhance certain social interaction processes as well as social cognitive abilities, the way we think about our social world. Thereâ€™s even been a study showing that oxytocin may actually enhance social cognitive function in individuals with autism or Aspergerâ€™s syndrome. So, this work may actually lead to some new treatment strategies that could be effective in treating the social domain in autism.
oxytocin, emotion, trust, autism, social interaction, personality, voles, nasal spray, treatment, larry, young
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2386. Oxytocin And Autism
Doctor Larry Young discusses evidence of a relationship between oxytocin and autism, speculating that oxytocin may be used to treat autism.
2378. Neuropeptides Influence Social Bonds
Doctor Larry Young explains that social personality traits are influenced by levels of oxytocin and vasopressin in the brain.
2375. Drug Addiction and Bonding
Doctor Larry Young discusses his research with prairie voles and suggests that the same neurobiological processes may underlie drug addiction and bonding.
2383. The Reward System includes Vasopressin and Oxytocin
Doctor Larry Young discusses how vasopressin and oxytocin contribute to the reward system, which can promote behavior such as bonding and drug addiction.
2385. The Neurobiology of Love
Doctor Larry Young discusses that he believes there is a biological basis to love.
2384. Dopamine, Oxytocin, Rewards, and Bonding
Doctor Larry Young discusses how dopamine and oxytocin interact in the reward and reinforcement parts of the brain to help form social bonds.
2379. Social Differences Wired Into DNA
Doctor Larry Young explains that the genes that encode for vasopressin receptors can predict social behaviors. This intriguing finding makes the link between genes, the brain and behavior.
1371. Oxytocin (OXT) Gene
Oxytocin (OXT) is a gene that plays a role in social behaviors in many species. Oxytocin dysfunction may be a cause for autism.
2010. Vasopressin, oxytocin and bonding (1)
Doctor Thomas Insel discusses the importance of two neuropeptides - oxytocin and vasopressin - in relation to attachment and social bonding.
2381. Is The Prairie Vole a Good Model Species?
Doctor Larry Young describes the prairie vole as an excellent model species because it forms social bonds similar to humans.