Brain Structures and Memory
Professor Howard Eichenbaum outlines some of the major brain structures involved in declarative memory.
The system of brain structures that play a key role in what we call declarative, or everyday memory, involve numerous cortical areas, particularly what we call the high level cortical association areas to process complex information. They funnel their information into another part of the cortex that immediately surrounds the hippocampus, and then thereâ€™s the hippocampus itself. So the information flows initially through those structures in that order, from the cortex to cortex surrounding the hippocampus and then to the hippocampus. And interestingly, the information there proceeds back out again from the hippocampus to the cortex surrounding it, and finally back to those cortical association areas. Somehow that two way interchange gives rise to our experience of memory.
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Professor Howard Eichenbaum explains that different brain structures within the medial temporal lobe support different memory processes, namely familiarity and recollection.
Professor Howard Eichenbaum outlines the importance of HM to memory research. Following his death in December 2008, HM's real name was revealed as Henry Gustav Molaison.
Professor Howard Eichenbaum describes the importance of single-cell recordings to memory research.
Professor Howard Eichenbaum explains that the hippocampus helps us represent items in the order in which they are experienced.
Professor Howard Eichenbaum discusses research indicating that the basic operations of the hippocampus are the same in humans and animals.
Professor Howard Eichenbaum outlines the importance of the hippocampus to learning sequences of events.
Professor Howard Eichenbaum explains that encoding and retrieving memories are distinct neurobiological processes.
The hippocampus is closely aligned to memory formation. It is an important early storage place for long–term memory, and is involved in the transition to more enduring permanent memory.
Learning and memory are two intimately linked cognitive processes that stem from interactions with the environment (experience).
Professor Howard Eichenbaum outlines the differences between declarative, procedural, and emotional memory.